Researching Stories Related to Kona's Scenic Byway Opens Up a Whole New World by Peter Young I hated history as a kid - I thought it was only about dead people and memorization of seemingly meaningless dates. In fact, I wasn’t interested in history until a few years ago when I became involved in preparing a management plan for a Scenic Byway in Kona. Scenic Byways are about ‘roads that tell stories.’ So a good part of the work was finding stories about the place that could be shared with others. We would periodically meet with an advisory group of lifelong Kona residents - I would research a ‘story’ of that area, then share it with a group. Invariably, people would say ‘I never knew that’ and they wanted more. So did I. So my interest in history actually grew out of my work. There were times that I couldn’t sleep because I wanted to learn some more and I’d get up at 3 am to do more research. After three Scenic Byway master plans in Kona, Koloa and Waikiki, I realized I didn’t need a planning project (or to get up at 3 am) to learn about our past, and I began researching and sharing stories about Hawaii’s people, places and events. I still can’t get enough of it. Five years ago, wanting to learn what this thing ‘Facebook’ was all about, I committed to make a daily Facebook post for one year, try to get some ‘Friends,’ and see where that led. Rather than ‘I’m eating lunch’ kind of post, I started to share some of the stories I learned along the way. Well, the 1-year commitment has long past, but the daily [...]
This past February, HHF visited the Courts of the Missing at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific as a consulting party to the American Battle Monuments Commission* (ABMC). Our role was to inspect the proposed limestone that would be used to repair the memorial walls which have been marred by staining, corrosion and vandalism. We also discussed the installation technique and maintenance issues, and provided a third-party review of the prospective plan. We had reported back at that time that the selected material and plan provided an appropriate solution for restoring the Memorial! Courts of the Missing - damaged walls Fast forward to September—and the project at the Courts of the Missing needed to repair damage at the Memorial is now underway. Our visit to the site this past Friday was very exciting! Construction lead Michael Gangloff and his team at Mira Image Construction have begun the process of engraving the names of those missing in action from World War II and the Korean conflict. Did you know each limestone slab at the Courts of the Missing weighs over 300 pounds? The work being done is intricate yet mammoth as each slab is moved by a specialty hydraulic lift. In sets of eight, the stones are placed in the engraving machine, which measures the depth and level of each stone. Each letter is engraved by a diamond bit, controlled by precision lasers and meticulous programming. Calibration takes about four hours, with another four hours to engrave each stone. Pre-construction work included multiple checks of the names and other identifiers, such as branch of service, rank and home state of those being honored at the Memorial. This is no small task as there are [...]
Speak Out to Protect Scenic View of LokoEa Fishpond From our friends at The Outdoor Circle: On Monday, Sept. 12th, North Shore Outdoor Circle President Gidget Germain along with 2nd VP Kathy Whitmire from the North Shore branch testified in Honolulu against a Haleiwa Special District major development permit for “The Shops at Anahulu” which is proposed to be built on the vacant land right next to Loko’Ea Fishpond in Haleiwa. Major points of opposition are listed below. Additional testimony is needed in opposition As Soon As Possible before September 19. Your thoughts about the need to conserve this land can be submitted by email. Please send them by email to Alex Beatty at the Department of Planning and Permitting. Here is a link to his email address: email@example.com Please include in the subject line: "2016/SDD-43(AB) The Shops at Anahulu" You do not need to prepare any formal testimony. Just send a brief email making any or all of the following points: 1. Haleiwa Special District was created to preserve the historic nature of Haleiwa town. 2. The objectives of the District include preservation of historic sites, open spaces and important scenic views. 3. The view of Loko’Ea Pond from Kamehameha Hwy is specifically identified in the land use ordinance as an important view plane to be protected. 4. The proposed Shops at Anahulu is a 25 foot tall, 5,000 square foot commercial building to be built at the corner of Kamehameha Hwy and Loko’Ea Place. It will eliminate the public view of the Pond from the highway at that location. 5. Commercial encroachment on this historic Hawaiian Fishpond is inconsistent with the guidance of the Northshore Sustainable Communities Plan and the Haleiwa Town Plan [...]
A Lesson in Preservation at the Shipyard by Captain Martin McMorrow I recently enjoyed a seminar which focused on the recognition of historic properties and the criteria that make a structure/place significant so as to be worthy of preservation. I especially found interesting the challenges of the property owner who seeks improvement of his property while still maintaining the historical integrity of that property. The seminar presentation used the recent Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard Machine Shop renovation as an example of meeting this challenge successfully. Today that building looks better than ever but still maintains the character of the 1908 shipyard. A job well done and a winner of a Historic Hawaii Foundation’s Preservation Honor Award. Reflecting on the Machine Shop, I remembered my experience with that same shop 30 years earlier. The term used then was “modernizing”. Primarily the work was to remove and replace the sheet metal sides and roof before they completely rusted through. This too, we thought was a job well done until the Chief of Engineers came from Washington and advised our Admiral that the we were guilty of “gold plating” on the project. We in design were eager to learn what we had done wrong. I had not been on the project but I remember driving down past the shops and couldn’t tell the Machine Shop from any of the other buildings. I asked my friend if it was the building with the blue plastic awning above the entrance door. That awning, as it turned out, was the “gold plating”. Replacing the rusted corrugated awning with a blue vinyl sheet of roofing material was enough for the Chief to decide that we here out in the far [...]
Foodland’s “Give Aloha” Campaign Allows You to Support HHF While you Shop Throughout the Month of September!
Maurice J. "Sully" Sullivan Historic Hawaii Foundation is participating again this year in Give Aloha, Foodland’s Annual Community Matching Gifts Program. This program honors Foodland’s founder, Maurice J. "Sully" Sullivan, and continues his legacy of giving back to the community. For a special treat check out the new Foodland Farms Ala Moana. (Read HONOLULU Magazine's recent article, "Five Reasons Foodies will Love Foodland Farms at Ala Moana.") A portion of all sales during opening week, August 31 to September 6, will be donated to this year’s Give Aloha matching gifts. This means that all participating organizations throughout the state, including HHF, will have the opportunity to receive more in matching gifts! How It Works From September 1-30, customers are invited to make donations up to $249 to participating Hawaii non-profit organizations at checkout. Individuals must use their own Maika'i card to make a donation. Foodland and the Western Union Foundation will match a portion of each donation made with a Maika'i card. Donations made without a Maika'i card will not be matched. Matching Gift The Western Union Foundation has generously donated $50,000 to add to Foodland’s gift of $250,000 to Hawaii non-profit organizations participating in Give Aloha this year. Therefore, the total gift that will be given to all participating organizations combined is $300,000! How to Donate At checkout, present your Maika'i card (or give your 10-digit number) and inform the cashier that you would like to make a donation to Historic Hawaii Foundation, code number 77064. If you do not have a Maika'i account, you may establish one by telling the cashier you would like to do so; you will need to give a unique 10-digit number (such as your [...]
National Park Service Announces Availability of New Civil Rights Grants WASHINGTON – The National Park Service (NPS) recently opened the application period for new grants to preserve and highlight the sites and stories related to the African American struggle for equality in the 20th Century. Congress appropriated $8.0 million for this new grant program in FY 2016. “This year the National Park Service is marking 100 years as America’s storyteller by finding new ways to provide Americans a more complete history of our country as we enter our second century of stewardship,” said National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis. “Through the African American Civil Rights Grant Program the National Park Service will enlist the support and expertise of state and local governments and non-profit organizations to educate and inspire a new, diverse generation of citizens who must continue our nation’s march toward a more perfect union,” Jarvis said. The grants are funded by the Historic Preservation Fund and administered by the NPS. The competitive grant program will provide funding to states, tribes, local governments, and non-profit organizations. Funding will support a broad range of planning, development, and research projects for historic sites associated with African American civil rights in the 20th century. Possible projects include surveys and documentation, interpretation and education, oral histories, architectural services, historic structure reports, planning, and bricks and mortar preservation. A 2008 NPS study, Civil Rights in America, A Framework for Identifying Significant Sites, will serve as the principle reference for grant applicants to determine the appropriateness of proposed projects and properties. Who may apply? States, territories, federally-recognized tribes, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiian Organizations, local governments (including Certified Local Governments), non-profit organizations, including private non-profit historically black colleges [...]
CPO Bungalow on Ford Island was listed as a “Most Endangered” Historic Site in 2005 In July, the National Park Service (NPS) released its report examining the facts and circumstances surrounding the demolition of a historic bungalow at World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument that was present during the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The original intent of the National Park Service was to rehabilitate the aging bungalow and preserve its historic setting. However, the park failed to complete required consultation with proper authorities and the bungalow was leveled to its foundation in late 2015 and replaced with a similar building earlier this year. In 2012, the National Park Service completed an environmental assessment to preserve, rehabilitate and restore the six Chief Petty Officer (CPO) bungalows on Ford Island for use by visitors and park administration. Subsequently, the National Park Service executed a programmatic agreement with the Hawaiʻi State Historic Preservation Division and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation regarding the preservation of the historic CPO Bungalows. The park received funding in 2015 and began work in November 2015 on CPO Bungalow #28. While the intent was to rehabilitate the bungalow and preserve its historic setting, in actuality, the park’s work involved demolishing the historic building and constructing a new building on top of the original foundation. Some of the historic fabric from the original building such as the windows and doors were salvaged, but not reused in the new building. The demolition and construction work has resulted in an adverse effect on CPO Bungalow #28 which was a contributing resource in the United States Naval Base Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark. The report identified a lack of understanding at the [...]
Hawai‘i Electric Light Company Jennifer Zelko-Schlueter is the Director of Government, Community and Media Relations at Hawaii Electric Light Company. Prior to joining Hawaii Electric Light, she was an attorney at the law firm Torkildson, Katz, Moore, Hetherington & Harris, AAL, ALC. She first began her law career with the law firm Carlsmith Ball, LLP. She earned a Bachelors of Arts from the University of Hawaii at Hilo in Psychology and her Juris Doctorate from Gonzaga University's School of Law. She serves on numerous boards including: Hawaii Health Systems Corporations East Hawaii Region, University of Hawaii at Hilo Alumni & Friends, Na Leo ‘O Hawaii, and the HFS Federal Credit Union. She is also a member of the Hawaii Island Chamber of Commerce, Hawaii County Bar Association and Hawaii State Bar Association. Jennifer was born and raised in Hilo. She is married to Chris Schlueter. They have two children, Logan and Kate.
Līhu‘e Business Association Pat Griffin is a well-known and highly respected historian, planner and preservationist. She is the immediate past Chair of the Kaua‘i Historic Preservation Review Commission, and has assisted the County of Kaua‘i with numerous preservation projects. She has direct, hands-on experience with researching and writing nominations for historic properties to be listed on the Hawai‘i Register of Historic Places, successfully nominating the ‘Ōpaeka‘a and Pu‘uopae Bridges. She was appointed to the Hawai‘i Historic Places Review Board in 2016. As President of the Līhu‘e Business Association, Ms. Griffin works with community members, businesses and government officials on land use, urban design, transportation and economic development policies and plans, and ensures that the identification and preservation of historically and culturally significant properties are included at all levels of planning. She is the award-winning author of Līhu‘e: Root and Branch of a Hawai‘i Town (University of Hawai‘i Press), as well as Wilcox Memorial Hospital in the Twentieth Century, a contributor to Pōhaku: The Art & Architecture of Stonework in Hawai‘i, and The Folklore of American Holidays, and the writer of numerous other articles and essays about aspects of Hawai‘i’s history that have appeared in such media as the Hawaiian Journal of History and the website “Aloha from Hawaii”. Ms. Griffin assists with numerous public education seminars and workshops with Historic Hawai‘i Foundation, and has served on the Preservation Honor Awards Committee since 2008.
The Pali Highway: From Rough Trail to Daily Commute By Kristen Pedersen Those of us who live on the windward side of Oahu zip back and forth to Honolulu on the Pali Highway without a moment’s thought. The 11 miles of highway that we now know so well is actually the third roadway constructed across and through the Koolaus and Nuuanu Valley. It connects Kailua and Kaneohe with Vineyard Boulevard in downtown Honolulu. Not so well known is that getting across this expanse wasn’t always so easy. Before the highway or road existed, you had several options: take a canoe around the island; trek through the back of Kalihi Valley; or hike the most direct (and dangerous) route on a trail over the Pali cliffs. In the early 1800’s, the cliffs trail was the main route farmers in the Kailua area used to bring produce to sell in the city and transport necessary goods back to the windward side. According to Kailua archaeologist Paul Brennan in his book KAILUA, the route was a scary series of “ropes and ladders where travelers had to climb straight up or down. Still, they trekked the trail every day, taking poi, fruits, sweet potato and pigs to residents of the city.” In 1845, the narrow trail was widened to six feet and paved with large stones, allowing easier passage for horses and carts. This first Pali Road was a critically important improvement to the lives of farmers and their families, but as late as 1877, even with continued enhancements, was still not considered a safe passage. In 1896, the legislature authorized the use of dynamite to widen the road for paving. A young engineer, Johnny Wilson, headed up the much-needed [...]