Established in 1922 as an army airfield, Wheeler Field occupied a former cavalry drill field adjacent to Schofield Barracks. Permanent structures, including officers’ quarters and club, noncommissioned officers’ quarters and club, chapel, dispensary, and administrative buildings, were erected in the early 1930s. The district includes the flight line, hangars, and the barracks building. Wheeler Field is significant for its association with the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. Wheeler had a large number of fighter planes and the success of the Japanese attack on the American fleet in Pearl Harbor was dependent upon the destruction of these planes. Wheeler, along with other military airfields on Oahu, was rendered practically helpless, with 83 of its aircraft destroyed.
This list of Hawaii’s historic properties is provided as a public service by Historic Hawaii Foundation. It is not the official list of properties designated on the Hawaii State Register of Historic Places. For official designations and determinations of eligibility, contact the State Historic Preservation Division of the Department of Land and Natural Resources of the State of Hawaii at 808-692-8015.